An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is the industry term for the company that is able to provide you with access to the Internet, typically from a computer. If you hear someone talking about the Internet and they mention their “provider,” they’re usually talking about their ISP. Every home or organization with Internet access has an ISP.
An ISP is your gateway to the Internet and everything else you can do online. The ISP is the link or conduit between your computer and all the other “servers” on the Internet.
To connect to an ISP, you need a modem and an active account. When you connect a modem to the telephone or cable outlet in your house, it communicates with your ISP. The ISP verifies your account and assigns your modem an IP address. Once you have an IP address, you are connected to the Internet. You can use a router (which may a separate device or built into the modem) to connect multiple devices to the Internet. Since each device is routed through the same modem, they will all share the same public IP address assigned by the ISP.
Whereas just about anyone can have a website, not everyone can be an ISP. It takes money, infrastructure and a lot of very smart technicians. Your ISP maintains miles of cabling, employs hundreds of technicians and maintains network services for its hundreds of thousands of subscribers. Depending on where you live, you typically have a choice of ISPs.
Data may be transmitted using several technologies, including dial-up, DSL, cable modem, wireless or dedicated high-speed interconnects.
Early ISPs provided Internet access through dial-up modems. This type of connection took place over regular phone lines and was limited to 56 Kbps. In the late 1990s, ISPs began offering faster broadband Internet access via DSL and cable modems. Some ISPs now offer high-speed fiber connections, which provide Internet access through fiber optic cables. Companies provides cable connections while other provide DSL Internet access.
Typically, ISPs also provide their customers with the ability to communicate with one another by providing Internet email accounts, and other services, such as telephone and television services, may be provided as well. The services and service combinations may be unique to each ISP.
Since an Internet Service Provider provides the path for all your internet traffic, it’s possible they could monitor or log your internet activity. If this is a concern for you, one popular way to avoid having this done is to use a Virtual Private Network (VPN). With a VPN, all your traffic is held inside a private, encrypted tunnel as it makes its way through the public internet. You don’t access the destination until after you’ve reached the end of the VPN tunnel.
The root of why VPNs are popular is because they can be used to anonymize and encrypt internet traffic. Governments, ISPs, wireless network hackers, and others can not only not see what’s inside a VPN but also usually not even be able to find out who is using it
With the increasing popularity of streaming services like Netflix and Hulu, the boom in online gaming, and the emergence of high-resolution 4K videos, it’s becoming essential to have fast internet speeds
The speed of your internet connection is measured in Mbps. 1,000 Mbps is equal to one Gbps or Gigabit per second. The faster the transmission of packets from the web to your computer or phone, the bigger the Mbps. In order to have a good Mbps, choose your ISP and internet package depending on what you want to do with the internet. The bandwidth of your internet connection is mainly affected by your network demand and the infrastructure quality of the ISP. The bandwidth that you subscribe to is usually shared by all the devices in your home or business and it reduces as you add more devices
Upload speed determines how quick you can transfer files and other content from your phone or computer to the web. Upload speed is usually the second number that is indicated after the download speed. Most ISPs have smaller upload speeds as compared to the download speed. If you are someone who likes sharing videos, images, and audio files online on regular basis, or if these activities are a part of your business, you need a good upload speed to avoid wasting time.
Many people assume that a fast, responsive internet connection relies solely on a good download and upload speed, but there’s more to it than that. There’s also ping, which is essentially a reaction time. If you have a ping of 98ms (milliseconds) that’s the time it has taken for your computer to respond to a request by another computer.
Clearly, you want as low a ping time as possible. Many online games show your ping time along with the ping of other players or servers. If your ping is around 150 (or more), you will almost certainly have problems playing the game due to the delay. Ping doesn’t just affect games, but a long ping time is very noticeable when timing is crucial.
There are some actions you can do to reduce your ping – The first, and simplest, solution is to close all other programs and windows on your computer, making sure that there are no active downloads running in the background that might be affecting the ping.
One more thing you can do is to make sure that no one else in your house is using a bandwidth-hungry service, like streaming Netflix in 4K or downloading large files.
For gaming, you should avoid connecting your console or desktop PC to the internet through Wi-Fi as it limits the bandwidth you can get. Instead Wi-Fi should be used for your other devices like laptops, tablets, smart phones etc. and day to day usage.